Pervez Musharraf NI, also known as General Parvez Muharraf; born on August 11, 1943; is a former Pakistani politician and four-star general of the Pakistani Army. In 1999, after the military’s successful seizure of the federal government, he was elected as Pakistan’s ninth president. From 1998 to 2001, he served as the tenth chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and from 1998 to 2007, he served as the seventh Army Chief of Staff.
In order to avoid being impeached, Musharraf, who served as president from 2001 to 2008, left the nation and resigned. He was convicted of treason, given the death penalty, and imposed a state of emergency in Pakistan in 2007, but he hasn’t been back since resigning.
During the time of British control, Musharraf was born in Delhi and raised in Istanbul and Karachi. He attended the Royal Defence College and Foreman Christian College in Lahore to study mathematics. In 1961, Musharraf enrolled in the Pakistan Military Academy, and in 1964, he was enlisted.
Musharraf served as a second lieutenant during the 1965 Indo-Pakistani war. In the 1980s he commanded an artillery brigade. In the 1990s, Musharraf was promoted to major general and assigned to an infantry division and later commanded special forces. Soon after, he also served as Under-Secretary-General for Military and Director-General of Military Operations.  He played an active role in the Afghan civil war, promoting Pakistan’s support for the Taliban.
In 1998, Musharraf rose to prominence by being promoted to four-star general by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, making Musharraf the supreme commander of the armed forces. In 1999, he led the Kargil infiltration that nearly plunged India and Pakistan into all-out war. After months of contentious relations between Sharif and Musharraf, Sharif tried unsuccessfully to remove Musharraf’s army leader. In retaliation, the military staged a coup in 1999 that allowed Musharraf to take over as Pakistan’s president in 2001. He then placed Sharif under strict house arrest before launching formal criminal charges against him.